Unit 3: Unit Rates and Percentages

Lesson 1: The Burj Khalifa

In the previous unit, students began to develop an understanding of ratios and familiarity with ratio and rate language. They represented equivalent ratios using discrete diagrams, double number lines, and tables. They learned that a:b is equivalent to every other ratio sa:sb, where s is a positive number. They learned that “at this rate” or “at the same rate” signals a situation that is characterized by equivalent ratios.

In this unit, students find the two values a/b and b/a that are associated with the ratio a:b, and interpret these values as rates per 1. For example, if a person walks 13 meters in 10 seconds, that means they walked 13/10 meters per 1 second and 10/13 seconds per 1 meter.

To kick off this work, in this lesson, students tackle a meaty problem that rewards finding and making sense of a rate per 1 (MP1). Note there is no need to use or define the term “rate per 1” with students in this lesson. All of the work and discussion takes place within a context, so students will be expected to understand and talk about, for example, the minutes per window or the meters climbed per minute, but they will not be expected to use or understand the more general term “rate per 1.”